Friday, October 23, 2009

Java Monitoring Guidelines

Use the following command which gives the process size.

ps auxwww | grep java

Process size - Max size is 3 Gb on unix and 4 gb on solaris

[process size includes stacks,native code,therads created etc]

user 6451 180 30.2 [1416444-->process_size] 626888 ?

A check on the process size is critical because when there are leaks this gradually increases and finally the server crashes.

Command to get the Memory Details

jmap -dump:live,format=b,file=histo.bin . this creates a file with name histo.bin

Command to generate Report Using JHat

jhat -J-mx256m histo.bin [histo.bin can be pscp'ed to windows machine and this command can be executed]

This starts a server gives a port number at the command line. using this url the details can be viewed through a explorer

Consequently the following command can be used to get the current memory picture in the JVM.

jmap -histo:live [process-id] > [filename].txt

The following command is also useful to understand the java heap and the GC behavior

jstat -gcutil 2361 1s

UseFull Vm parametres


jstack [process_id] or kill -3 [process_id] can be used to get the thread dump of the process.

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